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‘The team used two separate approaches in the study. The first looked at the “cost-of-illness” and focused on things like the cost of treatment and productivity losses. This approach found a 16 US dollar return on every one dollar spent. The second was the “full-income approach” which looked at the broader economic and social benefits of living a longer and healthier life. This approach found a 44-dollar return on every one dollar spent. Supply chain, service delivery and vaccine costs were all included to determine the prices of vaccinations.

The study assessed 10 vaccine-preventable infections: Haemophilus influenzae type b, hepatitis B, human papillomavirus, Japanese encephalitis, measles, Neisseria meningitis serogroup A, rotavirus, rubella, Streptococcus pneumoniae and yellow fever.’

Read more: Vaccinations are ‘an excellent investment’ offering a return of up to $44 for every $1 spent, finds team at John Hopkins in study of 94 countries